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Pinus pinea (Stone pine, Umbrella pine)

Kroonden [Afrikaans]

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Gymnospermae > Coniferophyta > Pinaceae > Pinus (pines)

Pinus pinea (Stone pine, Umbrella pine) trees on Hof Street, Gardens, Cape Town. [photo H. Robertson, Iziko ]

Native to the northern Mediterranean and grown in South Africa, mainly as a suburban tree. There are large stands of Stone pine on the slopes of Devil's Peak in Cape Town. It has a long, mainly branchless, trunk terminating in an umbrella-shaped crown. The cones produce large edible nuts, which in the Western Cape are referred to as dennepitjies or simply pitjies. Children collect them, crack them open and eat the soft white kernel. Pine nuts are also used in middle eastern cooking.

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