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Family: Pinaceae (pines)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Gymnospermae > Coniferophyta

There are about 12 genera and 200 species, almost exclusively native to the northern hemisphere. Many species of pines (genus Pinus) have been cultivated in southern Africa, of which eight have become naturalised.

Genera naturalised in southern Africa

Information from Glen (2000).

Pinus (pines)

The 80 or so species are native to the northern hemisphere. About 69 species have been cultivated in southern Africa, of which eight have become naturalised.

 

Other genera, cultivated in southern Africa

Information from Glen (2002).

Cedrus (cedars)

Four species cultivated.

 

Larix (larches)

Three species cultivated.

 

Picea (spruces)

Six species cultivated.

Tsuga (hemlocks)

One species cultivated: Tsuga mertensiana (Mountain hemlock), which is native to W USA and Canada.  

 

Pseudotsuga

Two species cultivated: Pseudotsuga macrocarpa (Bigcone douglas fir) and Pseudotsuga menziesii (Douglas fir, Oregon pine).  

 

Abies

Six species cultivated.

 

Publications

  • Glen, H.F. 2000. Pinaceae. In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 30. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

 


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