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Genus: Terminalia 

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid II > Order: Myrtales > Family: Combretaceae

About 250 species (tropics and subtropics), with 12 species native to southern Africa and an additional eight species that are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Terminalia boivinii

Recorded from Mozambique.


Terminalia brachystemma

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Terminalia gazensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Terminalia mollis


Terminalia phanerophlebia


Terminalia prunioides

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Terminalia randii

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Terminalia sambesiaca

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Terminalia sericea (Silver cluster-leaf)

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Terminalia stenostachya

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Terminalia stuhlmannii

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Terminalia trichopoda

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Terminalia arjuna (Arjun, Kumbuk, Marutu)

Native to India and Sri Lanka.


Terminalia bellirica (Barbera, Bulu)

Native from India to Malaysia.


Terminalia bentzoe

Native to Malaysia.


Terminalia catappa (Indian almond, Myrobalan)

Native to tropical Asia.


Terminalia chebula (Arula, Kaddukay)

Native to India and Burma.


Terminalia ivoriensis (Idigbo, Framiré)

Native to tropical Africa.


Terminalia superba (Afara, Limba, Congo walnut)

Native to tropical Africa.


Terminalia tomentosa

Native from India to Indochina.



  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.


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