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Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants)
> Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants)
> Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering
plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids >
Eurosid I > Order: Malpighiales
Twenty-seven genera and about 1050 species (tropical) with
one genus (Garcinia) and four species native to southern Africa. An
additional genus and four species are cultivated in the region.
Genera native to southern Africa
Information from Bredenkamp (2000).
Hypericum was previously placed
in the Clusiaceae but is now in the Hypericaceae.
About 200 species (cosmopolitan to tropics, main
diversity in Asia) with four species native to southern Africa and a further
species that is cultivated in the region. The fruit of many species is
edible, including the well-known Purple mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana).
A yellow dye termed gamboge is obtained from the resin of a number of
species, including Garcinia xanthochymus, which has been cultivated
in southern Africa.
Other genera, cultivated in southern Africa
Information from Glen (2002).
About 145 species worldwide (warm regions of America).
Three species are cultivated in southern Africa including the Balsam apple
Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated plants of
southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.
Bredenkamp, C.L. 2000. Clusiaceae (Guttiferae). In: Seed Plants of
Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 227.
National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.