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Genus: Garcinia (mangosteens, saptrees, garcinias)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid I > Order: Malpighiales > Family: Clusiaceae

About 200 species (cosmopolitan to tropics, main diversity in Asia) with four species native to southern Africa and a further species that is cultivated in the region. The fruit of many species is edible, including the well-known Purple mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana). A yellow dye termed gamboge is obtained from the resin of a number of species, including Garcinia xanthochymus, which has been cultivated in southern Africa. 

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Garcinia buchananii

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Garcinia gerrardii


Garcinia kingaensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Garcinia livingstonei

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Garcinia xanthochymus (Gamboge)

Native from India to Malaysia.



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