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Dianthus (Carnation genus)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Order: Caryophyllales > Family: Caryophyliaceae

About 300 species (Europe, Asia, Africa), with 16 species native to southern Africa and a further 14 species that are cultivated in the region. The genus includes the Carnation Dianthus caryophyllus, which probably originates from the Mediterranean and is widely cultivated for its flowers.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Dianthus albens

 

Dianthus basuticus

 

Dianthus bolusii

 

Dianthus burchellii

 

Dianthus caespitosus

 

Dianthus chimanimaniensis

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

 

Dianthus crenatus

 

Dianthus holopetalus

 

Dianthus kamisbergensis

 

Dianthus laingsburgensis

 

Dianthus micropetalus

 

Dianthus mooiensis

 

Dianthus namaensis

 

Dianthus thunbergii

 

Dianthus transvaalensis

 

Dianthus zeyheri

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Dianthus alpinus (Alpine pink)

Native to Europe.

 

Dianthus arenarius

Native to northern and eastern Europe.

 

Dianthus barbatus (Sweet William)

Native to southern Europe. See Wikipedia

 

Dianthus caryophyllus (Carnation, Clove pink)

Origin uncertain but probably originally native to the Mediterranean. See Wikipedia

 

Dianthus collinus

Native to central Europe.

 

Dianthus deltoides (Maiden pink)

Native to Europe and Asia. See Wikipedia

 

Dianthus fragrans

Native to the Caucasus.

 

Dianthus gallicus

Native from France to Portugal.

 

Dianthus gratianopolitanus (Cheddar pink)

Native to Europe.

 

Dianthus knappii

Native to the Balkans.

 

Dianthus plumarius (Clove pink)

Native to central Europe.

 

Dianthus serotinus

Native to central Europe.

 

Dianthus spiculifolius

Native to eastern Europe.

 

Dianthus superbus

Native to Europe and Asia.

 

Links

Publications

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

 


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