Back to Biodiversity Explorer main pageGo to Iziko Museums of Cape Town home pageAbout Biodiversity Explorer - history, goals, etc.Send us your questions about southern African biodiversityPeople who have contributed content and images.Search Biodiversity Explorer

Opuntia salmiana

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Core Eudicots > Order: Caryophyllales > Familty: Cactaceae > Genus: Opuntia

Native to South America. Naturalised in southern Africa.

Ecological interactions in southern Africa

Herbivores

  • Cactoblastis cactorum (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae: Phycitinae). Released in South Africa in 1933 for the biological control of Opuntia ficus-indica. The orange and black striped larvae of this moth eat the parenchymous tissue inside the cladodes of a wide variety of Opuntia species, including Opuntia salmiana, causing considerable damage to this host plant (Klein 2011).

Publications

  • Klein H. 2011. A catalogue of the insects, mites and pathogens that have been used or rejected, or are under consideration, for the biological control of invasive alien plants in South Africa. African Entomology 19(2): 515-549.

Text by Hamish Robertson


Contact us if you can contribute information or images to improve this page.

Biodiversity Explorer home   Iziko home   Search