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Cylindropuntia fulgida (Chain-fruit cholla)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Core Eudicots > Order: Caryophyllales > Familty: Cactaceae > Genus: Cylindropuntia

Native to southwestern USA and northern Mexico. Naturalised in southern Africa where it is a declared Category 1 invasive plant. It is under complete biological control by a cladode sucking mealiebug.

In South Africa it was previously incorrectly named Opuntia rosea.

Ecological interactions in southern Africa

Herbivores

  • Dactylopius tomentosus (Hemiptera: Dactylopiidae). A cladode sucking cochineal bug. The 'imbricata' biotype was released in South Africa in 1970 against Cylindropuntia imbricata and although it did also become established on Cylindropuntia fulgida, it caused only trivial damage to plants. The 'cholla' biotype was released in 2008 on Cylindropuntia fulgida and caused extensive damage (Klein 2011).

Links

Publications

  • Klein H. 2011. A catalogue of the insects, mites and pathogens that have been used or rejected, or are under consideration, for the biological control of invasive alien plants in South Africa. African Entomology 19(2): 515-549.

Text by Hamish Robertson


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