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Genus: Cylindropuntia

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Core Eudicots > Order: Caryophyllales > Familty: Cactaceae

About 42 species, with three species naturalised in southern Africa and another three that are cultivated in the region.

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Cylindropuntia fulgida (Chain-fruit cholla)

Native to southwestern USA and northern Mexico. Naturalised in southern Africa where it is a declared Category 1 invasive plant. It is under complete biological control by a cladode sucking mealiebug.

 

Cylindropuntia imbricata (Imbricate cactus, Imbricate prickly pear, Tree cholla, Chain-link cactus)

Native to southwestern USA and northern Mexico. Naturalised in southern Africa where it is a declared Category 1 invasive plant in South Africa. It has been brought under substantial biological control by Dactylopius tomentosus, a cochineal bug.

 

Cylindropuntia leptocaulis (Desert Christmas cactus, Pencil cholla)

Native to southwestern USA and northern Mexico. It has been brought under complete biological control by Dactylopius tomentosus, a cochineal bug.

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002) where the species are listed under Opuntia.

Cylindropuntia californica (California prickly pear)

[= Opuntia serpentina]

Native to Texas and Mexico.

 

Cylindropuntia kleiniae (Caroncillo)

[= Opuntia kleiniae]

Native to Texas and Mexico.

 

Cylindropuntia whipplei (Whipple cholla)

[= Opuntia whipplei]

Native to southwestern USA.

 
 

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