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Genus: Pitcairnia

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Poales > Family: Bromeliaceae

About 263 species, native from Mexico through to South America and also including the West Indies. An outlying species is found in West Africa and is evidently the only non-American species in the Bromeliaceae. Within its native distribution species in this genus are mainly found in dry, rocky areas. Ten species are cultivated in southern Africa.

Species cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Pitcairnia altensteinii

Native to Venezuela.


Pitcairnia andreana

Native to Colombia.


Pitcairnia atrorubens

Native from Mexico to Colombia.


Pitcairnia fractifolia

Native to Peru.


Pitcairnia heterophylla

Native from Mexico to Peru.


Pitcairnia karwinskyana

Native to Mexico.


Pitcairnia megasepala

Native from Costa Rica to Colombia.


Pitcairnia moritziana

Native to Venezuela.


Pitcairnia punicea

Native to Mexico and Guatemala.


Pitcairnia undulata

Native to Brazil.



  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.


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