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Impatiens (Balsam, Busy Lizzie genus)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Order: Ericales > Family: Balsaminaceae

Impatiens sp. in garden in Knysna (Western Cape, South Africa).

 

About 850 species, native to tropical and subtropical parts of the world but not South America or Australia. Very popular as garden plants and indoor plants. Six species are native to southern Africa, two are naturalised, and a further 13 species are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Impatiens cecilii

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Impatiens flanaganiae

 

Impatiens hochstetteri

 

Impatiens psychadelphoides

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Impatiens salpinx

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Impatiens sylvicola

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Impatiens sodenii

Native to Kenya and Tanzania.

 

Impatiens walleriana (Busy lizzie)

Native to tropical Africa. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Impatiens balfouri

Native to India.

 

Impatiens balsamina (Garden balsam)

Native to India.

 

Impatiens burtonii

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Impatiens congolensis

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Impatiens glandulifera (Policeman's helmet)

Native to India.

 

Impatiens irvingii

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Impatiens niamniamensis

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Impatiens parviflora

Native to central Asia.

 

Impatiens repens

Native to Sri Lanka.

 

Impatiens roylei

Native to India.

 

Impatiens rubromaculata

Native to Tanzania and Malawi

 

Impatiens scabrida

Native to India.

 

Impatiens tinctoria

Native to Kenya and Uganda.

 

Herbivores in southern Africa

Hippotion celerio (Silver Striped Hawkmoth)

Caterpillar eats the leaves.

 

Hippotion eson (Common Striped Hawkmoth)

Caterpillar eats the leaves.

 

Hippotion osiris (Large Striped Hawkmoth).

Caterpillar eats the leaves.

 

Publications

  • Grey-Wilson, C. 1980. Impatiens of Africa. Balkema, Rotterdam.

  • Launert, E. 1963. Balsaminaceae. Flora Zambesiaca 2: 162-180.

 

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