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Genus: Xanthium

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid II > Family: Asteraceae > Tribe: Heliantheae

The three species are widespread weeds in the warmer regions of the world. Two of them, Xanthium spinosum and Xanthium strumarium are declared Category 1 invasive plants in South Africa.

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Xanthium spinosum (Burrweed)

Boetebossie [Afrikaans]

See Karoo wildflowers by David Shearing & Katryn van Heerden p. 178 and Flora of Zimbabwe. A declared Category 1 invasive plant in South Africa.

Xanthium strumarium (Large Cocklebur)

Kankerroos [Afrikaans]

See Wild Flowers of the Highveld by Braam van Wyk and Sasa Malan p. 118 and Flora of Zimbabwe. A declared Category 1 invasive plant in South Africa.


Link: The Remarkable Cocklebur. Worldwide Hitchhiker & Nature's VelcroŽ (Wayne's Word). Interesting article about the Cocklebur and how the idea for VelcroŽ orginated from this plant or one of a few others with similar burs.


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