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Genus: Sonchus (sowthistles)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid II > Order: Asterales > Family: Asteraceae > Tribe: Lactuceae

Sonchus asper (Spiny Sowthistle).

Sonchus asper (Spiny Sowthistle) in weedy patch at roadside (Kleinmond, Western Cape, South Africa).

 

About 60 species, native to Eurasia and tropical Africa. There are eight species native to southern Africa and three species naturalised.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Sonchus dregeanus

See Wild Flowers of the Highveld by Braam van Wyk and Sasa Malan p. 120.

Sonchus friesii

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Sonchus integrifolius

See KwaZulu-Natal wild flowers by Elsa Pooley p. 338.

Sonchus jacottetianus

 

Sonchus nanus (Thistle)leshoabe, sentlokojane, sethokojane [South Sotho]

See KwaZulu-Natal wild flowers by Elsa Pooley p. 338; Wild Flowers of the Highveld by Braam van Wyk and Sasa Malan p. 120.

 

Sonchus schweinfurthii

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Sonchus tenerrimus

 

Sonchus wilmsii (Milk Thistle)Melkdissel [Afrikaans]

See Wild Flowers of the Highveld by Braam van Wyk and Sasa Malan p. 120.

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Sonchus asper (Spiny Sowthistle)

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Sonchus maritimus

 

Sonchus oleraceus (Sow Thistle)

Sydissel [Afrikaans]

See Wild Flowers of the Highveld by Braam van Wyk and Sasa Malan p. 120. and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Sonchus acaulis

Native to the Canary Isles.

 

Publications

  • Boulos, L. 1972. Révision systematique du genre Sonchus L. s.l.Botaniska Notiser 125: 287-305.

 

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