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Genus: Melanthera

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid II > Order: Asterales > Family: Asteraceae > Tribe: Heliantheae

The 20 species are native to the USA, Central America, the West Indies and tropical Africa. Four species have been introduced to southern Africa and become naturalised and an additional species is cultivated in the region.

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Melanthera albinervia

 

Melanthera biflora

 

Melanthera scandens

ikhaphanyongo, isihiyapice, ulimi-lwenkomo [Zulu]

See KwaZulu-Natal wild flowers by Elsa Pooley p. 318. and Flora of Zimbabwe, where it is split into M. s. madagascariensis and M. s. subsimplicifolia.

Melanthera triternata

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Melanthera brownii

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Publications

  • Wild, H. 1965. The African species of the genus Melanthera Rohr. Kirkia 5: 1-16.

 

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