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Tribe: Inuleae

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid II > Family: Asteraceae

Eleven genera and 54 species are native to southern Africa, with two genera and two species naturalised.

Genera native to southern Africa

(based on Herman et al. 2000)


There are 32 species globally, nine of which are found in southern Africa.


Two species, both endemic to Namibia.


About 100 species, found from tropical Africa through to Asia and Australia. Three species are native to southern Africa.


One species native to southern Africa - Calomeria africana (recorded from Zimbabwe). See Flora of Zimbabwe.


The six species are native to tropical Africa and Madagascar; three are native to southern Africa.


Of the 27 species, 22 are native to southern Africa, the remaining species being found in other parts of Africa.


About 100 species, native to Europe, Africa and Asia with two species native to southern Africa and three species cultivated.


The only species is Ondetia linearis, found in Namibia.


The only species is Pechuel-Loeschea leubnitziae, native to southern Africa. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


The nine species are native to Africa and the Middle East and all of them occur in southern Africa.


The 77 species are native to Europe, Africa and Asia with one species, Pulicaria scabra, found in southern Africa. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Genera naturalised in southern Africa

(based on Herman et al. 2000)


There are 2 species, native to the Mediterranean region. Dittrichia graveolens has become naturalised in the Western Cape, southern Africa.


About 18 species, native to Africa. Pentanema indicum is an introduced weed in southern Africa.


  • Anderberg, A.A. 1989. Phylogeny and reclassification of the tribe Inuleae (Asteraceae). Canadian Journal of Botany 67: 2277-2296.

  • Anderberg, A.A. 1991. Taxonomy and phylogeny of the tribe Inuleae (Asteraceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 176: 75-123.

  • Anderberg, A.A. 1994. Tribes Inuleae, Plucheeae, Gnaphalieae. In: Asteraceae, Cladistics and Classification (ed. K. Bremer). Timber Press, Portland, Oregon, pp. 273-364.

  • Herman, P.P.J., Retief, E., Koekemoer, M. & Welman, W.G. 2000. Asteraceae (Compositae). In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 101-170. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


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