Back to Biodiversity Explorer main pageGo to Iziko Museums of Cape Town home pageAbout Biodiversity Explorer - history, goals, etc.Send us your questions about southern African biodiversityPeople who have contributed content and images.Search Biodiversity Explorer

Genus: Helianthus (Jerusalem artichoke, Sunflower genus)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid II > Order: Asterales > Family: Asteraceae > Tribe: Heliantheae

The 50 species are native to North America. Three of them are occasional escapes in southern Africa and another three species are cultivated in southern Africa.  

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Helianthus annuus (Common sunflower)


Helianthus argophyllus


Helianthus debilis


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Helianthus angustifolius

Native to North America.


Helianthus salicifolius

Native to North America.


Helianthus tuberosus (Jerusalem artichoke)

Native to eastern USA and Canada.



Contact us if you can contribute information or images to improve this page.

Biodiversity Explorer home   Iziko home   Search