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Genus: Centaurea (cornflower genus)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid II > Family: Asteraceae > Tribe: Cynareae

About 450 species, found mainly in the Mediterranean region and the Near East. Five species have been introduced to southern Africa and are regarded as weeds. An additional six species are cultivated in the region.

Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI).

Centaurea calcitrapa


Centaurea cyanus (Cornflower, Bachelor's buttons)

Native to Eurasia.

Centaurea melitensis

Native to southern Europe.


Centaurea repens


Centaurea solstitialis


Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Centaurea americana

Native to southern USA.


Centaurea cineraria

Native to Italy.


Centaurea nigra (hardheads)

Native to Europe.


Centaurea prolongi

Native to Spain and Portugal.


Centaurea pullata

Native to Spain and Portugal.


Centaurea ragusina

Native to Croatia.


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