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Genus: Hydrocotyle

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid II > Order: Apiales > Family: Araliaceae

About 130 species, distributed worldwide with six indigenous and one naturalised species in southern Africa. Hydrocotyle used to be in the family Apiaceae but has been transferred to the Araliaceae on the basis of genetic evidence (Plunkett, Soltis & Soltis 1997).

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of southern Africa - an online checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Hydrocotyle bonariensis

Perdekloutjies [Afrikaans]

See KwaZulu-Natal Wildflowers by Elsa Pooley p. 540; Creative Gardening with Indigenous Plants. A South African Guide by Pitta Joffe p. 328.

Hydrocotyle mannii

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Hydrocotyle ranunculoides

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Hydrocotyle schlechteri


Hydrocotyle sibthorpioides

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Hydrocotyle verticillata

See Flora of Zimbabwe.


Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Hydrocotyle ranunculoides



  • Eichler, H. 1987. Nomenclatural and bibliographical survey of Hydrocotyle L. (Apiaceae) Part I. Feddes Repertorium 98: 1-51.

  • Plunkett, G.M., Soltis, D.E. & Soltis, P.S. 1997. Clarification of the relationship between Apiaceae and Araliaceae based on MATK and RBCL sequence data. American Journal of Botany 84:


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