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Genus: Strophanthus

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Gentianales > Family: Apocynaceae > Subfamily: Apocynoideae

About 38 species, native to Asia, Africa and Madagascar, with nine species native to southern Africa (including Zimbabwe) and a further three species are cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Strophanthus amboensis 

Distribution: Namibia

 

Strophanthus courmontii (Tailless tail-flower)

Distribution: Zimbabwe

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Strophanthus gerrardii

Distribution: South Africa > KwaZulu-Natal, Swaziland, Mpumalanga, Mozambique

 

Strophanthus hypoleucos

Distribution: Mozambique

 

Strophanthus kombe (Kombe poison-rope, Kombe tail-flower)

Kombe-giftou [Afrikaans]

Distribution: South Africa > Limpopo; Namibia; Botswana; Zimbabwe; Mozambique

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Strophanthus luteolus (Golden poison-rope)

Gouegiftou [Afrikaans]

Distribution: South Africa > KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo; Mozambique

 

Strophanthus nicholsonii (Mopane tail-flower)

Distribution: Zimbabwe

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Strophanthus petersianus (Corky-stem poison-rope, Rock tail-flower)

Kurkstamgiftou [Afrikaans]

Distribution: South Africa > KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo; Zimbabwe; Mozambique

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Strophanthus speciosus (Forest poison-rope, Forest tail-flower, Common poison-rope)

Bosgiftou [Afrikaans]

Distribution: South Africa > Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, Zimbabwe

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Strophanthus speciosus (Forest poison-rope, Forest tail-flower)

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Strophanthus caudatus

Native from Burma to Indonesia.

 

Strophanthus gratus

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Strophanthus hispidus

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Publications

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

 


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