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Gonioma kamassi (Kamassi)

Kamassie [Afrikaans]

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Gentianales > Family: Apocynaceae

Leaves of Gonioma kamassi, showing how they tend to be in whorls of three or four; Outeniqua Hiking Trail, December 2008. [photo H. Robertson ©]

Flowers of Gonioma kamassi are in terminal clusters and this photograph also shows how the leaves tend to be concentrated towards the end of branches; Outeniqua Hiking Trail, December 2008. [photo H. Robertson ©]

Close-up of one of the terminal clusters of flowers shown in the left-hand image. [photo H. Robertson ©]

Broken-off petiole of Gonioma kamassi showing the oozing milky sap. Sap can also be watery. Outeniqua Hiking Trail, December 2008. [photo H. Robertson ©]

Leaves of Gonioma kamassi: upperside (top) and underside (below). Outeniqua Hiking Trail, December 2008. [photo H. Robertson ©]

Trunk of young tree of Gonioma kamassi. Outeniqua Hiking Trail, December 2008. [photo H. Robertson ©]

Trunk of old tree of Gonioma kamassi, showing the vertical fissuring of the trunk that comes with age. Tsitsikamma Hiking Trail, December 2009. [photo H. Robertson ©]

Gonioma kamassi grows as a shrub or small tree (up to 10 m in height, but usually about 6 m) in the understorey of afromontane forest. Its distribution is concentrated mainly in the eastern parts of the Western Cape (in the Knysna forests), Eastern Cape and southern KwaZulu-Natal but there are also scattered populations in afromontane forests of Swaziland, Mpumalanga and Limpopo.


  • Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. and McCleland, W. 2002. Trees and Shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park. Jacana, Johannesburg.
  • van Wyk, B. and van Wyk, P. 1997. Field Guide to the Trees of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.
  • Coates Palgrave, K. and Coates Palgrave, M. 2002. Trees of Southern Africa, 3rd Edition. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.


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