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Subfamily: Apocynoideae

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Order: Gentianales > Family: Apocynaceae

Genera native to southern Africa

List from Victor et al. 2000.


Five species, native to the Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and Socotra. Four of the species occur in southern Africa.



The 18 species are native to Africa, but with only 1 species, Baissea wulfhorstii, occurring in southern Africa.



The 4 species are found in Africa and Asia with 1 species, Holarrhena pubescens, native to southern Africa.


The 7 species are native to Africa and Madagascar, with 1 of them, Oncinotis tenuiloba (= Oncinotis inandensis), occurring in KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Cape.


Of the 18 species, 13 are native to Madagascar and 5 are native to arid regions of southern Africa.



About 38 species, native to Asia, Africa and Madagascar, with 6 species in southern Africa.

Strophanthus speciosus (Forest poison-rope, Forest tail-flower)


About 23 species, native to the Old World, with 1 species, Wrightia natalensis, occurring in southern Africa.


Genera naturalised in southern Africa

Nerium (oleander genus)

The single species, Nerium oleander (Oleander), native to the eastern Mediterranean, is widely grown as a garden and roadside plant in southern Africa and has also become naturalised, especially along rocky, dry watercourses in semi-arid regions.




  • Victor, J.E., Bredenkamp, C.L., Venter, H.J.T., Bruyns, P.V. & Nicholas, A. 2000. Apocynaceae. In: Seed Plants of Southern Africa (ed. O.A. Leistner). Strelitzia 10: 71-98.. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.


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