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Genus: Conium (Hemlock genus)

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid II > Order: Apiales > Family: Apiaceae

The six species are native to Europe, Africa and Asia with three native to southern Africa. In addition, the highly poisonous cosmopolitan weed, Conium maculatum (Hemlock), has become established in the Western Cape.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Conium chaerophylloides

See KwaZulu-Natal wild flowers by Elsa Pooley p. 160.

Conium fontanum


Conium sphaerocarpum


Species naturalised in southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI).

Conium maculatum (Hemlock)

A highly poisonous plant that has been introduced to South Africa and become established in the Western Cape. 



  • Burtt, B.L. 1991. Umbelliferae of southern Africa: an introduction and annotated checklist. Edinburgh Journal of Botany 48: 133-282.

  • Hilliard, O.M. & Burtt, B.L. 1985. Conium (Umbelliferae) in southern Africa. South African Journal of Botany 51: 465-474.


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