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Genus: Pistacia

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Rosids > Eurosid II > Order: Sapindales > Family: Anacardiaceae

Ten species, native to the Mediterranean, Asia, Malesia, southern USA and Central America. Six species are cultivated in southern Africa including Pistacia vera, which produces Pistachio nuts.

Species cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Pistacia atlantica (Bombay mastic)

Native from the Canary Islands eastwards to Pakistan.


Pistacia chinensis (Chinese pistachio)

Native from China to the Philippines


Pistacia integerrima

Native from Afghanistan to western China.


Pistacia lentiscus (Mastic)

Native to the Mediterranean.


Pistacia terebinthus (Terebinth)

Native to the western Mediterranean.


Pistacia vera (Pistachio)

Native from Iran to central Asia.



  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.


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