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Genus: Crinum

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Monocotyledons > Order: Asparagales > Family: Amaryllidaceae

About 65 species worldwide, found mainly in the tropics, with 22 species native to southern Africa. An additional four exotic species are cultivated in the region.  

Some species have poisonous seeds and bulbs, containing haemolytic saponin, and the alkaloids lycorine, crinine and crinamine.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Crinum acaule (Maputaland grass crinum)

Crinum bulbispermum (Orange River lily, Vaal River lily)

Crinum buphanoides

Crinum campanulatum

 

Crinum crassicaule

Crinum euchrophyllum

 

Crinum giesii

 

Crinum graminicola (Grass crinum, Grass vlei lily)

Crinum harmsii

 

Crinum lineare

Crinum lugardiae

[= Crinum carolo-schmidtii]

 

Crinum macowanii (River lily, River crinum)

Crinum macowanii (River lily, River crinum)

Crinum minimum

[= Crinum walteri]

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique.

Crinum moorei (Moore's crinum, Natal lily)

Crinum moorei (Moore's crinum, Natal lily)

Crinum ornatum

 

Crinum paludosum (Bushveld vlei lily)

Crinum parvibulbosum

 

Crinum rautanenianum

 

Crinum stuhlmannii (Candy-striped crinum)

[= Crinum delagoense]

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Crinum subcernuum

 

Crinum variabile (River lily)

Crinum verdoorniae

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List mainly from Glen (2002).

Crinum asiaticum

Native to Asia (e.g. China, South Korea, Japan, India).

 

Crinum jagus

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Crinum kirkii

Native to tropical Africa.

 

Crinum pedunculatum

Native to Australia.

 

Publications

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

  • Verdoorn, I.C. 1973. The genus Crinum in southern Africa. Bothalia 11: 27-52.

 


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