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Genus: Justicia

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Lamiales > Family: Acanthaceae

About 420 species, found worldwide in warm areas. There are 30 species native to southern Africa and at least seven exotic species that are cultivated in gardens of this region.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Justicia anagalloides

See van Wyk and Malan (1997 p. 34) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Justicia anselliana

 

Justicia betonica (Paper Plume)

[= Justicia pallidior]

See Pooley (1998 p. 200); van Wyk and Malan (1997 p. 34) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Justicia bolusii

 

Justicia campylostemon (Honey Justicia)

isipheka, ubomane [Zulu]

See Pooley (1998 p. 202).

Justicia capensis (Money Plant)

Sakemansplant [Afrikaans]; ihlalanyosi, ikhokhela [Zulu]

See Pooley (1998 p. 438).

Justicia cuneata

See Le Roux and Schelpe (1988 p. 158); van Rooyen and Steyn (1999 p. 198).

 

Justicia elegantula

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Justicia exigua

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Justicia flava (Yellow Justicia)

Geelgarnaalbos [Afrikaans]; impela [Zulu]

See Pooley (1998 p. 306); van Wyk and Malan (1997 p. 94) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Justicia francoiseana

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Justicia glabra

 

Justicia guerkeana

 

Justicia heterocarpa

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Justicia kirkiana

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Justicia matammensis

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Justicia minima

 

Justicia montis-salinarum

 

Justicia nyassana

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Justicia odora

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Justicia orchioides

Ribbokbos

See Shearing and van Heerden (1994 p. 142).

Justicia petiolaris (Blue Justicia)

See Pooley (1998 p. 492).

Justicia phyllostachys

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Justicia platysepala

 

Justicia protracta (Veld Justicia)

See Pooley (1998 p. 202) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Justicia puberula

 

Justicia striata

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe, where it is split into var. striata and var. dyschoristeoides.

 

Justicia tenella

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Justicia thymifolia

 

Justicia whytei

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Justicia aurea

Native to Central America.

 

Justicia brandegeeana (Shrimp plant)

Native to Mexico.

Justicia brandegeeana (Shrimp plant)

Justicia carnea

Native to Brazil.

 

Justicia comota

Indigenous from Central America to Argentina.

 

Justicia floribunda

Native to Brazil.

 

Justicia fulvicoma

Native to Mexico.

 

Justicia umbrosa

Native to Central America.

 

Publications

  • Glen, H.F. 2002. Cultivated Plants of Southern Africa. Jacana, Johannesburg.

  • Immelman, K.L. 1995. Justicia. Flora of southern Africa 30,3,1: 18-46.

  • Le Roux, A. & Schelpe, T. 1988. Namaqualand. South African Wild Flower Guide 1. Revised Edition. Botanical Society of Southern Africa, Kirstenbosch.

  • Pooley, E. 1998. A Field Guide to Wild Flowers KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

  • Shearing, D. & van Heerden, K. 1994. Karoo. South African Wild Flower Guide 6. Botanical Society of Southern Africa, Kirstenbosch.

  • van Rooyen, G. & Steyn, H. 1999. Cederberg, Clanwilliam and Biedouw Valley. South African Wild Flower Guide 10. Botanical Society of Southern Africa, Kirstenbosch.

  • van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. 1997. Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Highveld. 2nd edition. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.

  • Welman, W.G. 2003. Acanthaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 92-106. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. 

 

 

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