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Genus: Hygrophila

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Lamiales > Family: Acanthaceae

A mainly tropical genus of about 100 species with 14 species native to southern Africa. 

Species native to southern Africa 

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Hygrophila abyssinica

Annual herb growing to height of 0.15 m. Distribution in southern Africa: Namibia, Zimbabwe

See Flora of Zimbabwe.  

Hygrophila acinos

Annual herb growing to length of 0.4 m. Distribution in southern Africa: Namibia 

Hygrophila angolensis

Annual herb growing to height of 0.4 m. Distribution in southern Africa: Namibia 

Hygrophila cataractae

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Hygrophila didynama

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Hygrophila gracillima

Perennial herb growing to height of 1.5 m. Distribution in southern Africa: Namibia 

Hygrophila linearis

Annual herb growing to height of 0.4 m. Distribution in southern Africa: Botswana; Zimbabwe

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Hygrophila okavangensis

Annual herb growing to height of 0.1 m. Distribution in southern Africa: Namibia. 

Hygrophila pilosa

Perennial herb growing to height of 0.15 m. Distribution in southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; Zimbabwe.

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Hygrophila pobeguinii

Annual herb growing to height of 1.5 m. Distribution in southern Africa: Botswana. 

Hygrophila prunelloides

Perennial herb growing to height of 0.3 m. Distribution in southern Africa: Botswana; Namibia; Zimbabwe.

Hygrophila rhodesiana

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Hygrophila schulli

Recorded from Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Hygrophila spiciformis

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

References

  • Pooley, E. 1998. A Field Guide to Wild Flowers KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

  • Welman, W.G. 2003. Acanthaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 92-106. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. 

 

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