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Genus: Ecbolium

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Lamiales > Family: Acanthaceae

The 22 species are found from Africa to India with three occurring in southern Africa.

Species native to southern Africa 

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Ecbolium clarkei

Perennial herb growing to height of 1 m.  Distribution in southern Africa: Namibia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Ecbolium flanaganii

Perennial shrub or herb, growing to height of 0.7 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Eastern Cape

Ecbolium glabratum

Perennial dwarf shrub or herb growing to height of 1 m. See Pooley (1998: 492).


  • Pooley, E. 1998. A Field Guide to Wild Flowers KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

  • Vollesen, K. 1989. A revision of Megalochlamys and Ecbolium (Acanthaceae: Justiciae). Kew Bulletin 44: 601-680.

  • Welman, W.G. 2003. Acanthaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 92-106. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. 



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