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Genus: Dicliptera

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Lamiales > Family: Acanthaceae

About 150 species, found worldwide in warm and tropical regions. There are 20 species native to southern Africa and one species cultivated in the region.

Species native to southern Africa 

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI) and Flora of Zimbabwe.

Dicliptera capensis

Annual, occasionally perennial, herb, growing to height of 0.5 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Eastern Cape

 

Dicliptera clinopodia

Perennial shrub or herb, growing to height of 1.2 m. See Pooley (1998: 436); Onderstall (1984: 184). Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo; Swaziland, Zimbabwe.

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Dicliptera divaricata

Perennial herb growing to height of 0.45 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga; Swaziland

 

Dicliptera eenii

Perennial dwarf shrub or herb, growing to height of 0.6 m. See van Wyk & Malan (1997: 188). Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Limpopo, North West, Gauteng; Namibia, Zimbabwe

Dicliptera extenta

Annual or perennial herb, growing to height of 0.6 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Western Cape, Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo; Swaziland, Zimbabwe.

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Dicliptera foetida

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Dicliptera fionae

Perennial herb growing to height of 0.3 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Limpopo

 

Dicliptera fruticosa

Perennial herb growing to height of 1.5 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Mpumalanga, Limpopo.

 

Dicliptera heterostegia

Perennial herb growing to height of 1.5 m. See Pooley (1998: 436). Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo; Swaziland, Zimbabwe.

Dicliptera hirta

Annual herb growing to height of 0.6 m. Distribution in southern Africa: Botswana, Zimbabwe.

 

Dicliptera leistneri

Perennial herb growing to height of 1 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > North West, Gauteng, Free State, Northern Cape, Eastern Cape.

 

Dicliptera magaliesbergensis

Perennial shrub or herb, growing to height of 0.5 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > North West, Gauteng

 

Dicliptera melleri

Annual herb growing to height of 0.6 m. Distribution in southern Africa: Botswana, Zimbabwe.

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Dicliptera minor

Annual herb growing to height of 0.25 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Mpumalanga, Limpopo, North West; Botswana

 

Dicliptera monroi

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Dicliptera pumila

Recorded from Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Dicliptera quintasii

Annual, occasionally perennial, herb growing to height of 0.6 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > KwaZulu-Natal

 

Dicliptera serpenticola

[= Peristrophe serpenticola]

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Dicliptera spinulosa

Annual herb growing to height of 0.6 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Mpumalanga, Limpopo; Botswana; Namibia, Zimbabwe.

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Dicliptera swynnertonii

Annual herb growing to height of 1 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > KwaZulu-Natal, Zimbabwe

 

Dicliptera syringifolia

Recorded from Zimbabwe.

 

Other species, cultivated in southern Africa

List from Glen (2002).

Dicliptera suberecta

Native to Uruguay.

References

  • Balkwill, K., Getliffe Norris, F. & Balkwill, M.-J. 1996. Systematic studies in the Acanthaceae: Dicliptera in southern Africa. Kew Bulletin 51: 1-61.

  • Onderstall, J. 1984. Transvaal Lowveld and Escarpment including the Kruger National Park. South African Wild Flower Guide 4. Botanical Society of Southern Africa, Kirstenbosch.

  • Pooley, E. 1998. A Field Guide to Wild Flowers KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

  • van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. 1997. Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Highveld. 2nd edition. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.

  • Welman, W.G. 2003. Acanthaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 92-106. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. 

 

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