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Genus: Crabbea

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Lamiales > Family: Acanthaceae

About 12 species of which seven are native to southern Africa.

Species native to southern Africa 

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Crabbea acaulis

Perennial herb growing to height of 0.25 m. See van Wyk & Malan (1997: 32). Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, North West, Gauteng, Free State; Swaziland; Limpopo

Crabbea angustifolia

Perennial herb growing to height of 0.45 m. See van Wyk & Malan (1997: 32). Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Mpumalanga, Limpopo, North West, Gauteng, Free State

Crabbea galpinii

Perennial herb growing to height of 0.25 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Mpumalanga

Crabbea hirsuta (Prickly Head)

manxasana [Xhosa]; ihlasi, umusa [Zulu]

Perennial herb growing to height of 1.25 m. See Pooley (1998: 198); van Wyk & Malan (1997: 32). Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, North West, Gauteng, Free State; Swaziland; Lesotho

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

Crabbea nana

Perennial dwarf shrub or herb, growing to height of 0.3 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga; Swaziland

Crabbea ovalifolia

Perennial herb growing to height of 1.25 m. See van Wyk & Malan (1997: 32). Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Mpumalanga, Limpopo, North West, Gauteng.

Crabbea velutina

Perennial herb growing to height of 0.2 m. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa > Mpumalanga, Limpopo; Botswana; Namibia.

See Flora of Zimbabwe.

References

  • Pooley, E. 1998. A Field Guide to Wild Flowers KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

  • van Wyk, B. & Malan, S. 1997. Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of the Highveld. 2nd edition. Struik Publishers, Cape Town.

  • Welman, W.G. 2003. Acanthaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 92-106. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. 

 

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