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Genus: Asystasia

Life > eukaryotes > Archaeoplastida > Chloroplastida > Charophyta > Streptophytina > Plantae (land plants) > Tracheophyta (vascular plants) > Euphyllophyta > Lignophyta (woody plants) > Spermatophyta (seed plants) > Angiospermae (flowering plants) > Eudicotyledons > Core Eudicots > Asterids > Euasterid I > Order: Lamiales > Family: Acanthaceae

About 70 species, native from Africa to the East Indies and Australia. Ten species are native to southern Africa.

Species native to southern Africa

List from Plants of Southern Africa - an Online Checklist (SANBI), Flora of Zimbabwe and Flora of Mozambique.

Asystasia atriplicifolia

Perennial dwarf shrub growing up to 0.45 m high. Distribution in southern Africa: Limpopo

 

Asystasia gangetica

isihobo [Zulu]

Perennial herb growing up to 2 m high. Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa (Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo), Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. See Flora of Zimbabwe, Pooley (1998: 200), Joffe (2001: 286) and Edwards & Getliffe Norris (1993).

 

Asystasia glandulosa

Distribution in southern Africa: Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Asystasia mysorensis

Distribution in southern Africa: Zimbabwe. See Flora of Zimbabwe.

 

Asystasia pinguifolia

Perennial herb growing to 0.3 m high. Distribution in southern Africa: KwaZulu-Natal

 

Asystasia retrocarpa

Perennial herb growing to 0.35 m high.

Distribution in southern Africa: KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo; Swaziland

 

Asystasia schimperi

[= Asystasia mysurensis]

Annual herb growing to 0.6 m high.

Distribution in southern Africa: South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga, Limpopo, Gauteng, North West), Swaziland, Botswana, Namibia and Zimbabwe (listed in Flora of Zimbabwe as Asystasia mysorensis). See Edwards & Getliffe Norris (1989).

 

Asystasia subbiflora

Perennial herb growing to 0.4 m high. 

Distribution in southern Africa: Mpumalanga

 

Asystasia varia 

Perennial herb growing to 0.6 m high.

Distribution in southern Africa: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal. See Edwards & Getliffe Norris (1988).

 

Asystasia welwitschii

Perennial herb growing to 0.5 m high.

Distribution in southern Africa: Namibia

 

Publications

  • Edwards, T.J. 1991. A new species of Asystasia from southern Africa, with notes on its alliances. South African Journal of Botany 57: 305309.
  • Edwards, T.J. & Getliffe Norris, F.M. 1988. Asystasia varia. Flowering Plants of Africa 50: t.1976.
  • Edwards, T.J. & Getliffe Norris, F.M. 1989. Asystasia schimperi. Flowering Plants of Africa 50: t.1985.
  • Edwards, T.J. & Getliffe Norris, F.M. 1993. Asystasia gangetica. Flowering Plants of Africa 52: t.2076.
  • Joffe, P. 2001. Creative Gardening with Indigenous Plants. A South African Guide. Briza Publications, Pretoria.

  • Pooley, E. 1998. A Field Guide to Wild Flowers KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust, Durban.

  • Welman, W.G. 2003. Acanthaceae. In Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 92-106. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. 


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