Places to explore
Lesotho is a land-locked country of 30 355 km2
and is entirely surrounded by South Africa. The whole country lies at high
altitude with the lowest point lying at about 1400 m and the highest point (in
fact the highest point in all of southern Africa) at 3841 m above sea level (at
According to Earthtrends (see links below), 74% of the
country consists of grasslands, shrublands and savanna and the remaining 26%
consists of a cropland and crop/natural vegetation mosaic. Only 6500 hectares
(0.2% of the total area) is protected for wildlife and this is contained in a
single conservation area, the Sehlaba-Thebe National Park in eastern Lesotho.
The high altitude and the small range of habitats has meant
that biodiversity is generally low for this region. A total of 33 mammals
species, 123 breeding bird species, 41 reptile species, 6 frog species and 2
fish species have been recorded from Lesotho.