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Cronwright-Schreiner, Samuel Cron (1863-1936)

Farmer, husband of Olive Schreiner, occasional collector of insects and arachnids.

Chronology

Date

Age

Event

26 Jan 1863

 

Born on his father's sheep-farm Gideon's Hoek in the Bedford district, Cape.

1865

2

Family moved to Grahamstown. Educated at St Andrew's College.

1884

21

Became a farmer. After 10 months on his uncle's farm near Graaff-Reinet, he took charge of E. Wood's farm Krantz Plaats, near Cradock.

1890

27

Deeply moved by The story of an African farm by Olive Schreiner and two and a half years later met her on a neighbouring farm and corresponded with her in the months following.

Feb 1894

31

Married Olive Schreiner in Middelburg (Cape). Changed his surname to Cronwright-Schreiner. Moved from Krantz Plaats to Kimberley because of Olive's asma problems. Lost their only child a day after its birth. They became involved in politics.

1898-1899

35-36

Dwindling funds forced him to work for a firm of attorneys in Johannesburg but after a year they had to leave because of Olive's asma.

1900

37

Spent six months in England campaigning against British military action in the Second Anglo-Boer War. Later became an estate and insurance agent in Hanover (Cape).

1902

39

Elected to the Cape legislative assembly and remained member until Union in 1910..

1907

44

They settled in De Aar. Separated from 1913 to 1920 when Olive was in Europe.

1919

56

Sold his business and joined Olive in England. Saw each other for only a month before she moved back to South Africa where she died in Cape Town in 1920.

1921

58

Returned to Cape Town, South Africa. Had Olive reburied, according to her wish, on Buffels Kop on Krantz Plaats. Wrote up his wife's biography The life of Olive Schreiner (1924) and edited her remaining manuscripts for publication (1923-1929).

1924

61

Dropped the 'Schreiner' from his surname and married Leonora Gann, born Bush, in England.

1925

62

Daughter, Cronlyn, born. He spent his remaining years in Cape Town and the Strand.

8 Sep 1936

73

Died in Rondebosch, Cape Town.

Specimens collected

Ants in Albany Museum collected in 1913 from De Aar.

Publications

His biologically-oriented publications included The migratory springbucks of South Africa (1925); and Some arachnids at Hanover (pamphlet).

References

  • Beeton, D.R. 1968. Cronwright (Cronwright-Schreiner), Samuel Cron. In Dictionary of South African Biography (ed. W.J. de Kock). Nasionale Boekhandel, Cape Town, pp. 191-192.

Text by Hamish G. Robertson  


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