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Family: Anostostomatidae (weta, Parktown prawn)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Phylum: Arthopoda > Mandibulata > Atelocerata > Panhexapoda > Hexapoda > Insecta (insects) > Dicondyla > Pterygota > Metapterygota > Neoptera > Polyneoptera > Anartioptera > Orthopterida > Orthoptera

Henicus brevimucronatus, known only from Newlands Forest in the Cape Peninsula. 

Henicus monstrosus, recorded from Cape Peninsula and vicinity.

The members of this family used to be placed in either the families Stenopelmatidae (king crickets), Henicidae or Mimnermidae. The most well-known species in South Africa is the 'Parktown prawn' Libanasidus vittatus which is commonly encountered in people's homes in Johannesburg. Members of the genus Henicus are almost entirely limited to the Western and Eastern Cape and recent investigations by Peter Johns (from New Zealand) have shown that there are many undescribed species and that the species of this genus tend to be highly endemic with relatively small distributions.


  • Field, L.H. (ed.) 2001. The Biology of Wetas, King Crickets and their Allies. CABI Publishing, Wallingford.

  • Johns, P.M. 1997. The Gondwanaland weta: family Anostostomatidae (formerly in Stenopelmatidae). REF?




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