Thaliacea (salps, doliolids, fire rollers)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Tunicata

Five families, 25 genera and 79 species worldwide, with three families, 20 genera and 52 species that that have broad distributions that include southern African seas. There are no endemic species in the region.

Classification

Global figures are from World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS).

Order: Doliolida

Most of the eight genera and 25 species in this order fall into the family Doliolidae with only two genera and four species in the other two families Doliopsoididae and Paradoliopsidae. The Doliolidae is the only family represented in southern Africa.

 
 

Family: Doliolidae (doliolids)

Six genera and 21 species worldwide, with four genera and 12 species that that have broad distributions that include southern African seas. There are no endemic species in the region.

 

Order: Pyrosomatida

One family.

 
 

Family: Pyrosomatidae (pyrosomes, fire rollers)

Three genera and eight species worldwide, with all genera and seven species with broad distributions that include southern African seas. There are no endemic species in the region.

Order: Salpida

One family.

 
 

Family: Salpidae (salps)

Fourteen genera and 46 species worldwide, with 13 genera and 33 species with broad distributions that include southern African seas. There are no endemic species in the region.

Publications (by date)

  • Sewell SRB. 1953. The pelagic tunicates. Juhn Murray Expedition 1933-34, Scientific Rep. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. 10:90p. [salp swarms off South Africa]
  • Van Zyl, R. P. 1960. A preliminary study of the salps and doliolids off the west and south coasts of South Africa. Investigational Rept. Div. Fisheries, Union of South Africa. v.40, 31p.
  • De Decker A. 1973. Agulhas Bank plankton. p.189-219. In B. Zeitschel (ed.) The Biology of the Indian Ocean. Springer, Berlin. [salp swarm dynamics]
  • Lazarus, B. I. and D. Dowler. 1979. Pelagic tunicata off the west and south-west coasts of South Africa, 1964-1965. Fish. Bull. S. Afr. 12:93-119.
  • Govindarajan AF, Bucklin A, Madin LP. 2010. A molecular phylogeny of the Thaliacea. Journal of Plankton Research 33(6): 843-853. doi: 10.1093/plankt/fbq157
  • Deibel D., and Lowen B. 2011. A review of the life cycles and life-history adaptations of pelagic tunicates to environmental conditions. ICES Journal of Marine Science, doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsr159.

Text by Hamish Robertson


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