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Rhabditida

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Introverta > Nematoida > Nematoda (nematode worms) > Chromadorea > Chromadoria

Summary

Classification

Based on the Nematode classification presented on the website of the De Ley Lab, University of California Riverside.

Spirurina (spirurine nematodes)

Mainly obligate parasites of vertebrates, including fish, reptiles (including birds) and mammals.

 
 

Anguillicoloidea

One family: Anguillicolidae.

 
 

Dracunculoidea

 

 
 

Gnathostomatomorpha

One family: Gnathostomatidae.

 
 

Oxyuridomorpha

 

 
 

Rhigonematomorpha

 

 
 

Spiruromorpha

 

 
 

Ascaridomorpha

Includes Ascaris lumbricoides, parasitic on humans.

 

Myolaimina

One family Myolaimidae, with four genera: Daubaylia (parasites of molluscs, such as Planorbis freshwater snails, and annelids), Deleyia, Myolaimus and Poikilolaimus.

 

Tylenchina

 

 
 

Panagrolaimomorpha

Five families: Panagrolaimidae, Alloionematidae, Rhabdiasidae, Steinernematidae, Strongyloididae

 
 

Cephalobomorpha

Five families: Cephalobidae, Elaphonematidae, Osstellidae, Alirhabditidae and Bicirronematidae, Metacrobelidae

 
 

Tylenchomorpha

 

 
 

Drilonematomorpha

Six families: Creagrocercidae, Drilonematidae, Homungellidae, Mesidionematidae, Scolecophilidae and Ungellidae.

 

Rhabditina

 

 
 

Bunonematomorpha

Two familes: Bunonematidae (genera: Aspidonema, Bunonema, Craspedonema, Rhodolaimus, Rhodonema, Sachsium, Stammeria) and Pterygorhabditidae (one genus: Pterygorhabditis). Bunonema species are free-living in soil, decaying vegetable matter, cow dung or rotting wood, and eat bacteria.

 
 

Diplogasteromorpha

One family: Diplogasteridae, containing 35 genera. Parasites of insects. Parasitodiplogaster parasitises agaonid fig wasps.

 
 

Rhabditomorpha

Includes family Rhabditidae.

 

Uncertain position

Families: Teratocephalidae (genera Steratocephalus, Teratocephalus), Chambersiellidae (genera Chambersiella, Cornilaimus, Fescia, Geraldius, Trualaimus, Diastolaimus, Macrolaimus) and Brevibuccidae (genera Brevibucca and Cuticonema).

 

Publications

  • Wijová, M. Moravec, F. Horák, A. and Lukeš, J. 2006. Evolutionary relationships of Spirurina (Nematoda: Chromadorea: Rhabditida) with special emphasis on dracunculoid nematodes inferred from SSU rRNA gene sequences. International Journal for Parasitology 36: 1067-1075.

 


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