Family: Mantidae (common mantids)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Arthopoda > Mandibulata > Atelocerata > Panhexapoda > Hexapoda > Insecta (insects) > Dictyoptera > Mantodea (mantids)

The Mantidae is by far the largest family within the Mantodea, containing 263 genera and a vast array of species, and also showing a high degree of diversity in shape and form.  Most typical are the green/brown and grey mantids as well as most of the species which mimic tree bark or grass. The inner margin of the grasping legs has a row of alternating short and long spines with the eyes usually very large and the wings often reduced, at least in the female. 

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 Sphodromantis gastrica Giant or Common Green Mantid  (body length 55mm) [image by A. Weaving  from Field Guide to Insects of South Africa, used with permission].

Sphodromantis gastrica Giant or Common Green Mantid (boat-shaped egg case) [image by M. Picker & C. Griffiths  from Field Guide  to Insects of South Africa, used with permission].

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Omomantis zebrata Zebra Mantid (body length 52mm) [image by M. Picker & C. Griffiths  from Field Guide to Insects of South Africa used with permission].

Polyspilota aeruginosa (body length 80mm) [image by M. Picker & C. Griffiths  from Field Guide to Insects of South Africa used with permission].

Tarachodes sp. Bark Mantid (body length 37mm) [image by A. Weaving  from Field Guide to Insects of South Africa used with permission].

Miomantis sp. (body length 25mm) [image by M. Picker & C. Griffiths  from Field Guide to Insects of South Africa used with permission].

Pyrgomantis rhodesica (Grass Mantid) (body length 70mm) [image by M. Picker & C. Griffiths  from Field Guide to Insects of South Africa used with permission].

Popa undata (Stick Mantid) (body length 55mm) [image by M. Picker & C. Griffiths  from Field Guide to Insects of South Africa used with permission].

 

Page by Dawn Larsen


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