Family: Sphingidae (hawkmoths)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Phylum: Arthopoda > Mandibulata > Atelocerata > Panhexapoda > Hexapoda > Insecta (insects) > Dicondyla > Pterygota > Metapterygota > Neoptera > Eumetabola > Holometabola > Panorpida > Amphiesmenoptera > Lepidoptera (moths and butterflies) > Glossata > Coelolepida > Myoglossata > Neolepidoptera > Heteroneura > Ditrysia > Apoditrysia > Obtectomera > Macrolepidoptera > Bombycoidea

Genera in southern Africa

Species numbers refer to number of species in southern Africa. Information mainly from Vri & Kroon (1986).

Subfamily: Sphinginae

Acherontia

One species:  Acherontia atropos (Death's Head Hawk Moth).

Acherontia atropos (Death's head hawkmoth)

Afroclanis

Two species: Afroclanis calcareus and Afroclanis neavi.

Afroclanis Calcareus Female

Agrius

Two species: Agrius cingulatus and Agrius convolvuli (Convolvulus Hawkmoth). Both species have wide distributions and information about them can be found on the Sphingidae of the Western Palaearctic web site.

Agrius Convolvuli Male

Andriasa

One species: Andriasa contraria.

Andriasa Contraria Male

Batocnema

One species: Batocnema africana (Harlequin Hawkmoth).

Batocnema Africana Male

Coelonia

One species: Coelonia mauritii (Fulvous Hawkmoth).

Coelonia Mauritii Male

Falcatula

One species:  Falcatula falcata.

Falcatula Falcata Male

Hoplistopus

Two species: Hoplistopus butti and Hoplistopus penricei (Cribage Hawkmoth).

Hoplistopus Butti Male

Leptoclanis

One species: Leptoclanis pulchra (Beautiful Hawkmoth).

Leptoclanis Pulchra Female

Leucophlebia

One species: Leucophlebia afra (Rosy Banded Hawkmoth).

 

Likoma

One species: Likoma apicalis (Sepia Tip Hawkmoth).

Likoma Apicalis Male

Litosphingia

One species: Litosphingia corticea (Veined Hawkmoth).

Litosphingia Corticea Male

Lophostethus

One species: Lophostethus dumolinii (Arrow Sphinx Hawkmoth)

Loshostethus Dumolinii Male

Macropoliana

Two species: Macropoliana natalensis (Natal Sphinx Hawkmoth) and Macropoliana oheffernani (O'Heffernan's Sphinx Hawkmoth).

Macropoliana Natalensis Male

Neoclanis

One species: Neoclanis basalis.

 

Neopolyptychus

Two species: Neopolyptychus compar and Neopolyptychus convexus.

Neopolyptychus Compar Male

Oligographa

Two species: Oligographa juniperi (Juniper Hawkmoth) and Oligographa mosambiquensis.

Oligographa Juniperi Male

Pantophaea

Two species: Pantophaea favillacea and Pantophaea oneili.

 

Phylloxiphia

Three species: Phylloxiphia metria, Phylloxiphia punctum (One Spot Redwing Hawkmoth) and Phylloxiphia vicina.

Phylloxiphia Puctum Male

Platysphinx

One species: Platysphinx piabilis (Measly Hawkmoth).

Platysphinx Piabilis Male

Poliana

One species: Poliana wintgensi.

 

Polyptychoides

One species: Polyptychoides grayii.

Polyptychoides Grayi Female

Polyptychopsis

One species: Polyptychopsis marshalli.

Polyptychopsis Marshalli Male

Polyptychus

Two species: Polyptychus baxteri and Polyptychus coryndoni (Coryndon's Polyptychus).

Polyptychus Baxteri Male

Praedora

Three species: Praedora leucophaea (Creamy Hawkmoth), Praedora marshalli (Marshall's Hawkmoth) and Praedora plagiata.

Preadora Marshalli Male

Pseudandriasa

One species: Pseudandriasa mutata.

Pseudandriasa Mutata Male

Pseudoclanis

Two species: Pseudoclanis molitrix and Pseudoclanis postica (Mulberry Hawkmoth).

Pseudoclanis Postica Female

Rufoclanis

Three species: Rufoclanis fulgurans, Rufoclanis jansei, Rufoclanis numosae.

Rufoclanis Numosae Male

Xanthopan

One species: Xanthopan morganii.

 

Xenosphingia

One species: Xenosphingia jansei (Janse's Sphinx Hawkmoth).

Xenosphinga Jansei Male

Subfamily: Macroglossinae

Antinephele

Three species: Antinephele lunulata, Antinephele maculifera and Antinephele muscosa.

 

Atemnora

One species: Atemnora westermanni.

 

Basiothia

Four species: Basiothia aureata, Basiothia charis, Basiothia medea and Basiothia schencki.

Basiothia Schencki Female

Centroctena

One species: Centroctena imitans.

 

Cephanodes

One species: Cephanodes hylas (Oriental Bee Hawkmoth).

Daphnis

One species: Daphnis nerii (Oleander Hawkmoth)

Daphnis Nerii Male

Euchloron

One species: Euchloron megaera.

Euchloron Megaera Male

Hippotion (striped hawks). 6 species

 

Hyles

One species: Hyles lineata.

 

Leucostrophus

One species: Leucostrophus hirundo (White Barred Hawkmoth).

 

Macroglossum

One species: Macroglossum trochilus  (African Hummingbird Hawkmoth).

Macroglossum Trochilus Male

Microsphinx

One species: Microsphinx pumila (Bedstraw Hawklet).

Microsphinx Pumila

Nephele

Nine species.

 

Odontosida

Two species: Odontosida magnifica (Magnificent Scalloped Hawkmoth) and Odontosida pusilla (Scalloped Hawkmoth)

Odontosida Magnifica Male

Rhodafra

Two species: Rhodafra marshalli and Rhodafra opheltes.

Rhodafra Marshalli Female

Sphingonaepiopsis

Two species: Sphingonaepiopsis ansorgei and Sphingonaepiopsis nana

Sphingonaepiopsis Ansorgei Female

Temnora

18 species. 

 

Theretra

Four species: Theretra cajus, Theretra capensis, Theretra monteironis and Theretra orpheus.

Theretra Cajus Male

Zonilia

One species: Zonilia funebris.

 

Publications

  • Kitching, I.J. & Cadiou, J.-M. 2000. Hawkmoths of the world; an annotated and illustrated revisionary checklist (Lepidoptera: Sphingidae). Cornell University Press, Ithaca, USA.

  • Pinhey, E.C.G. 1962. Hawk Moths of Central and Southern Africa. Longmans, Cape Town.

  • Pinhey, E.C.G. 1975. Moths of Southern Africa. Tafelberg, Cape Town.

  • Vri, L. & Kroon, D. 1986. Southern African Lepidoptera. A Series of Cross-referenced Indices. Lepidopterist's Society of Southern Africa and Transvaal Museum, Pretoria.

Text by Hamish Robertson


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