Diptera (flies)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa > Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Phylum: Arthopoda > Mandibulata > Atelocerata > Panhexapoda > Hexapoda > Insecta (insects) > Dicondyla > Pterygota > Metapterygota > Neoptera > Eumetabola > Holometabola > Panorpida > Antliophora

House fly Musca domestica feeding on sweet melon.

Leptynoma sericea (Vermilionidae) on Lapeirousia corymbosa flower.

Bee fly (Bombyliidae) feeding from Lobelia flower.

 

Flies are distinguished from all other insects by having one pair of wings instead of two. Instead of a pair of hindwings they have a pair of halteres which are knob-like processes evidently used for balance in flight.

Classification of southern African taxa

Ptychopteromorpha

 
 

Tanyderidae

 

 
 

Ptychopteridae

 

Culicomorpha

 

 
 

Culicidae (mosquitoes)

 

 

Chaoboridae

 

 
 

Dixidae

 

 
 

Chironomidae (midges)

 

 
 

Ceratopogonidae

 

 
 

Simuliidae

 

 
 

Thaumaleidae

 

 

Blephariceromorpha

 

 
 

Blephariceridae

 

 

Bibionomorpha

 

 
 

Bibionidae

 

 
 

Mycetophilidae

 

 
 

Cecidomyiidae

 

 
 

Sciaridae

 

 

Psychodomorpha

 
 

Scatopsidae

 

 

Psychodidae (moth flies and sand flies)

 

Tipulomorpha

 
 

Limoniidae

 

 
 

Tipulidae (crane flies)

 

 

Anisopodidae

 

BRACHYCERA

 

Links

Publications

  • Crosskey, R.W. Introduction to the Diptera. In: Medical Insects and Arachnids (eds R.P. Lane & R.W. Crosskey). Chapman & Hall, London, pp. 51-77.

  • Feener, D.H. & Brown, B.V. 1997. Diptera as parasitoids. Annual Review of Entomology 42: 73-97.

  • Sherman, R.A., Hall, M.J.R. & Thomas, S. 2000. Medicinal maggots: an ancient remedy for some contemporary afflictions. Annual Review of Entomology 45: 55-81.

 


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