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The terrestrial food web

Leaf chewers

Leaf chewers range from insects and snails through to large mammals such as antelope and elephants.  The large mammalian herbivores tend to break off whole leaves or branchlets whereas the invertebrates often only eat part of the leaf, thus leaving patterns and scars that can be distinctive.

 

Plant suckers

 

 

Wood eaters (xylophages)

 

 

Fruit eaters (frugivores)

 

 

Seed eaters (granivores)

 

 

Gall makers

 

 

Predators (carnivores)

 

 

Parasitoids

 

 

Parasites

 

 

Lichen and algae eaters

 

 

Dung eaters (coprophages)

 

 

Omnivores and scavengers

 

 

Decomposers

 

 

Terrestrial communities

Communities on plants

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Leaf litter communities

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Dung communities

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Communities on live animals

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Communities in decomposing carcasses

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Soil communities

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Communities in rotting logs

 

 

 

 


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