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Terrestrial biodiversity

Fynbos on the Swellendam Hiking Trail. [photo H. Robertson, Iziko ]

Gamkaspoort, Western Cape. [photo H. Robertson, Iziko ]

Diversity of topography, geology, soils, moisture and temperature within southern Africa yields an impressive diversity of life adapted for life on land. Southern Africa is one of the most botanically rich regions in the world with  the fynbos, succulent karoo and  being particularly rich in endemic species. Woodland and subtropical elements extend into southern Africa from further north and yield a diverse assemblage of plants and animals that can be observed in famous tourist destinations such as the Kruger National Park. 



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