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# Temnospondyli

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates)

Extinct medium-szed to large carnivores rather like crocodyles in appearance and habitat that were the dominant tetrapods in the Carboniferous and which occupied habitats ranging from aquatic to terrestrial. Known from the Middle and Late Permian deposits in South Africa.


  • Damiani, R.J. and Rubidge, B.S. 2003. A review of the South African temnospondyl amphibian record. Palaeontologia Africana 39: 21-36.

  • Milner, A.R., 1993. Amphibian-grade Tetrapoda. In: Benton, M. (Ed.), The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall, London.


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