Heterodontus ramalheira (Whitespotted bullhead shark)

(Smith, 1949)

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Chondrichthyes > Elasmobranchii > Galeomorphii > Heterodontiformes > Heterodontidae

Heterodontus ramalheira (Whitespotted bullhead shark) [Illustration by Ann Hecht ]


The only shark in the area combining 2 spined dorsal fins and an anal fin. Colour dark reddish brown with numerous small white spots.


To 83 cm TL.


East coast, Natal and southern Mozambique; elsewhere from off the Arabian Peninsula.




Outer shelf and uppermost slope; unusual for the family in being a deepwater species found at 108 to 275 m.


A rare, little-known bottom shark that eats crabs. Human Impact Occasionally caught by bottom trawlers.

Text by Leonard J.V. Compagno, David A. Ebert and Malcolm J. Smale 

  Iziko Museums of Cape Town, 2008

Cartilaginous fish home          biodiversity explorer home          Iziko home