Galeorhinus galeus (Tope shark or soupfin)
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Carcharhiniformes > Triakidae
Galeorhinus galeus (Tope shark or soupfin) [Illustration
by Ann Hecht ©]
A houndshark with a long, pointed snout, large
mouth, bladelike small teeth, a small 2nd dorsal fin about as large
as anal fin, and a terminal caudal lobe as long as rest of fin.
Colour greyish above, white below, young with black markings on
To 1.9 m TL.
West and southeast coast, southern
Namibia to East London; widespread in most temperate seas.
Coastal and preferring cool temperate waters, from the surfline and
shallow bays down to the uppermost slope at 299 m, near the bottom
or well above.
Common along the Cape coasts. Bears 6 to 52
young, which lack a placenta; gives birth in bays and lagoons. Eats
a wide variety of pelagic and bottom bony fish, including hake, snoek, mackerel, maasbanker, pipefish, saury, anchovy, sardines,
redeye herring, lightfish, beaked sandfish, jacopever, gurnard,
dragonet, rattails, kingklip, monkfish, and remoras, but also
cuttlefish, squid, octopi, crabs, hermit crabs, and mantis shrimp.
It is commonly taken by sports anglers, by bottom
trawlers, and by commercial line-fishing boats, and its meat is
commercially marked dried-salted as biltong (jerky).