Family: Enicocephalidae (gnat bugs)
> Eukaryotes >
Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Ecdysozoa
> Panarthropoda > Tritocerebra > Phylum:
Arthopoda > Mandibulata >
Atelocerata > Panhexapoda >
> Insecta (insects) > Dicondyla > Pterygota >
Metapterygota > Neoptera > Eumetabola > Paraneoptera > Condylognatha
> Hemiptera (bugs) >
Heteroptera > Enicocephalomorpha > Enicocephaloidea
Live mainly under stones, in leaf litter, under bark or in rotting logs,
where they are predators of other insects and arthropods. They look superficially similar to
assassin bugs (Reduviidae) but are not related to them at all. They
can be distinguished easily by having totally membranous wings and by the elongate head
with a constriction behind the eyes and then behind that constriction a round swollen
portion. About eight genera
and 40 species have been recorded from southern Africa.
Unidentified enicocephalid found under rock in disturbed fynbos.
Jacobs, D.H. 1985. Heteroptera. In: Insects of Southern Africa (Eds C.H. Scholtz
& E. Holm). Butterworths, Durban, p. 117-152.