Turnix hottentottus (Hottentot buttonquail)
Kaapse kwarteltjie [Afrikaans]; isiGwaca (generic term for
quail) [Zulu]; Sehwiri/Sekhwiri [North Sotho]; Huta (generic name for quail) [Shona];
Xitsatsana (generic term for buttonquail), Xitshatshana [Tsonga];
Hottentotvechtkwartel [Dutch]; Turnix hottentot [French];
Hottentottenlaufhühnchen [German]; Toirão-hotentote [Portuguese]
> Eukaryotes >
> Metazoa (animals) >
Deuterostomia > Chordata >
Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates) > Gnathostomata (jawed
vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class:
fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial
vertebrates) > Tetrapoda
(four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota >
Reptilia (reptiles) >
Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria >
(dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) >
Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves
(birds) > Order: Turniciformes > Family: Turnicidae
Distribution and habitat
Endemic to South Africa, occurring in patches of the south-Western Cape bordering on the Eastern Cape, generally preferring
coastal and mountain fynbos with plenty of restios. It may also move into grassy
patches, fallow fields, west coast strandveld and coastal renosterveld.
Movements and migrations
Resident and possibly sedentary, although it
may make local movements at night.
- Probably a polyandrous, territorial solitary nester, using a simple scrape
in the ground as a nest. This is lined with a few pieces of grass and typically
placed under small bush or between grass tufts.
- Egg-laying season is from September-December.
- It lays 2-5 eggs, which are probably incubated by the female for about
12-14 days (like the Black-rumped buttonquail).
Status uncertain, as although it may be common in remote
mountainous areas, it is possibly threatened by development and the spread of
alien trees in coastal lowlands.
Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts
- Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker
Bird Book Fund, Cape Town.