Family: Turnicidae (buttonquails)

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Species indigenous to southern Africa

Turnix hottentottus (Hottentot buttonquail, Black-rumped buttonquail) 

 

Turnix nanus (Black-rumped buttonquail) 

 

Turnix sylvaticus (Kurrichane buttonquail) 

The Kurrichane buttonquail occurs across Africa south of Sahel, as well is in Asia in Europe, living mainly in grasslands. It eats a mixed diet of insects and seeds, especially of grasses. It is polyandrous, nesting in a scrape in the ground lined with grass. It lays 2-4 eggs, incubated solely by the male, for about 12-15 days (recorded in captivity). They chicks leave the nest within hours of hatching, taking their first flight at about 10 days old, and are fully grown at about 35 days old.

 
 

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