Eremomela scotops (Green-capped
Donkerwangbossanger [Afrikaans]; Niini (generic term for
warblers and eremomelas) [Kwangali]; Timba (generic name for cisticolas
and warblers) [Shona]; Groenkap-eremomela [Dutch]; Érémomèle à calotte
verte [French]; Grünkappen-eremomela [German]; Eremomela-de-barrete-verde
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Order: Passeriformes > Family: Sylviidae
> Genus: Eromomela
Distribution and habitat
Occurs from the southern half of the DRC through Tanzania,
Angola and Zambia to southern Africa. It prefers broad-leaved woodland, such as
Miombo (Brachystegia), Burkea (Burkea africana) and Zambezi teak (Baikiaea
plurijuga), occasionally moving into gardens in south-western Zimbabwe.
Distribution of Green-capped eremomela in southern
Africa, based on statistical smoothing of the records from first SA Bird
Atlas Project (©
Animal Demography unit, University of
Cape Town; smoothing by Birgit Erni and Francesca Little). Colours range
from dark blue (most common) through to yellow (least common).
See here for the latest distribution
from the SABAP2.
It prefers to forage in groups in the tree canopy, either
with other Green-capped eremomelas or other species. Its diet is not known,
other than that it eats small insects.
- It is a facultative cooperative breeder, meaning that the breeding pair
are assisted by 1-5 helpers.
- All members participate in the construction of the nest, which is a
small cup made of plant down and buds of Miombo (Brachystegia),
secured with spider web.
- Egg-laying season in Zimbabwe is from August-February, peaking from
- It lays 2-5 eggs, which are incubated by all group members.
Not threatened, but fragmentation of Miombo (Brachystegia)
woodland is cause for concern.
Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts
- Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker
Bird Book Fund, Cape Town.
Harrison, J.A., Allan, D.G., Underhill, L.G., Herremans, M.,
Tree. A.J., Parker, V. & Brown, C.J. (eds). 1997. The atlas of southern
African birds. Vol. 2: Passerines. BirdLife South Africa, Johannesburg.