Eremomela gregalis (Karoo eremomela) 

Groenbossanger [Afrikaans]; Karoo-eremomela [Dutch]; Érémomèle du Karroo [French]; Langschwanz-eremomela [German]; Eremomela do Karoo [Portuguese]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Passeriformes > Family: Sylviidae > Genus: Eromomela

Eremomela gregalis (Karoo eremomela)  Eremomela gregalis (Karoo eremomela) 

Karoo eremomela, Tanqua Karoo, South Africa
. [photo Trevor Hardaker ©]

Karoo eremomela. [photo Stephen Davis ©]

Distribution and habitat

Endemic to southern Africa, preferring arid and semi-arid bush on flats and hillsides. It is fairly common, with the bulk of its of population centered on the Karoo.

Distribution of Karoo eremomela in southern Africa, based on statistical smoothing of the records from first SA Bird Atlas Project (© Animal Demography unit, University of Cape Town; smoothing by Birgit Erni and Francesca Little). Colours range from dark blue (most common) through to yellow (least common). See here for the latest distribution from the SABAP2.  

Food 

It mainly eats invertebrates, gleaning them from shrubs and tree branches and occasionally plucking prey from the ground. The following food items have been recorded in its diet:

Breeding

  • It is a facultative cooperative breeder, with all group members helping with the gathering of twigs, Old-Man's Beard (Galium tomentosum) and dry grass for the nest. This consists of a thick walled cup lined with the fluffy seeds of Karoo rosemaries (Eriocephalus) and typically placed in a forked branch deep within a small bush.
  • Egg-laying season is almost year-round, peaking from August-October.
  • It lays 2-4 eggs, which are probably incubated by both sexes for at least 11 days.
  • Not much information is available about the chicks, other than that they are fed by all members of the group.

Threats

Not threatened.

References

  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. 

 

 

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