Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni penguin) 

Langkuifpikkewyn, Macaronipikkewyn [Afrikaans]; Macaronipinguďn [Dutch]; Gorfou doré [French]; Goldschopfpinguin [German]; Pinguim-de-tufos-dourados [Portuguese]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Ciconiiformes > Family: Spheniscidae

Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni penguin) Eudyptes chrysolophus (Macaroni penguin) 

Macaroni penguins, Cooper Bay, South Georgia. [photo Trevor Hardaker ©]

Moulting immature Macaroni penguin, Brandfontein, South Africa. [photo Johann Grobbelaar ©]

Distribution and habitat

Breeds on sub-Antarctic islands, as well as islands off Chile and the Antarctic Peninsula, dispersing in the non-breeding season to the sea, although the range of its movements are unknown. It is a rare vagrant to southern Africa, with roughly 8 records of moulting individuals along the shoreline of the Western Cape and one in KwaZulu-Natal, with only a single bird recorded at see off the coast of Cape Town.

Food 

It mainly eats crustacean zooplankton, supplemented with squid and fish, especially lanternfish (Krefftichthys andersonni). It mainly forages between 10-80 metres beneath sea level, rarely up to 150m, moving at roughly 7-8 km/h.

Breeding

Breeds in tightly-packed colonies, which over time erode ground down to bedrock with trampling.

Threats

Not threatened.

References

  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. 

 

 

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