Lissotis melanogaster (Black-bellied bustard, Black-bellied korhaan) 

[= Eupodotis melanogaster

Langbeenkorhaan [Afrikaans]; uFumba, uNofunjwa [Zulu]; Epampa (generic term for korhaan) [Kwangali]; Guhwi [Shona]; Umfumbane [Swazi]; Xicololwana lexi kulu [Tsonga]; Zwartbuiktrap [Dutch]; Outarde ventre noir [French]; Schwarzbauchtrappe [German]; Abetarda-de-barriga-preta [Portuguese]

Life > Eukaryotes > Opisthokonta > Metazoa (animals) > Bilateria > Deuterostomia > Chordata > Craniata > Vertebrata (vertebrates)  > Gnathostomata (jawed vertebrates) > Teleostomi (teleost fish) > Osteichthyes (bony fish) > Class: Sarcopterygii (lobe-finned fish) > Stegocephalia (terrestrial vertebrates) > Tetrapoda (four-legged vertebrates) > Reptiliomorpha > Amniota > Reptilia (reptiles) > Romeriida > Diapsida > Archosauromorpha > Archosauria > Dinosauria (dinosaurs) > Saurischia > Theropoda (bipedal predatory dinosaurs) > Coelurosauria > Maniraptora > Aves (birds) > Order: Gruiformes > Family: Otitidae

Lissotis melanogaster (Black-bellied bustard, Black-bellied korhaan)  Lissotis melanogaster (Black-bellied bustard, Black-bellied korhaan)

Black-bellied bustard, Kruger National Park, South Africa. [photo Trevor Hardaker ]

Black-bellied bustard. [photo Arno Meintjes ]

The Black-bellied bustard occurs from Senegal east to Ethiopia, extending south to southern Africa, where it is uncommon to locally common in a wide variety of mainly grassy habitats. Its diet is little known in southern Africa, but elsewhere it is omnivorous, mainly feeding feeding on small invertebrates, such as locusts, grasshoppers and beetles, as well as vegetable matter, such as fruit, seeds and leaves. The male does an elaborate courtship display to multiple females, whom he mates with afterwards. The incubating and parenting is done solely by the female, who protects intruders who get to close to the "nest", which is a bare scrape in the ground, with wings outstretched.

Distribution and habitat

Occurs across sub-Saharan Africa; in southern Africa it is uncommon to locally common in north-eastern Namibia (including the Caprivi Strip), northern Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique and eastern South Africa. It generally prefers tall, dense woodland and grassy savanna as well as cultivated pastures, fields, fallow lands and woodland, such as cluster-leaf (Terminalia), Baikaea plurijaga (Zambezi teak), bushwillows (Combretum), Mopane (Colospermum mopane) and miombo (Brachystegia).

Distribution of Black-bellied bustard in southern Africa, based on statistical smoothing of the records from first SA Bird Atlas Project ( Animal Demography unit, University of Cape Town; smoothing by Birgit Erni and Francesca Little). Colours range from dark blue (most common) through to yellow (least common). See here for the latest distribution from the SABAP2.  

Predators and parasites

Food 

Its diet is little known in southern Africa, but elsewhere it is omnivorous, mainly feeding on small invertebrates, such as locusts, grasshoppers and beetles, as well as vegetable matter, such as fruit, seeds and leaves. The following food items have been recorded in its diet outside of southern Africa:

Breeding

  • Polygynous, solitary nester, with one male doing an elaborate courtship display to multiple females, whom he mates with afterwards.
  • The eggs are laid directly on the ground, often among tufts of tall grass
  • Egg-laying season is from about September-March.
  • It lays 1-2 eggs, which are incubated solely by the female.
  • The chicks are cared for by the mother, who chases away intruders, such as warthog, if they get to close to her young.

Threats

Globally not threatened, although it is near-threatened in South Africa, largely due to habitat destruction, hunting and overgrazing.

References

  • Hockey PAR, Dean WRJ and Ryan PG (eds) 2005. Roberts - Birds of southern Africa, VIIth ed. The Trustees of the John Voelcker Bird Book Fund, Cape Town. 

 

 

 

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